Saint Croix Courier, St. Stephen, NB
March 29, 1894


Contributions to the History of Charlotte County and the Border Towns.


Many of the Penobscot Association grantees have been mentioned in our present series as among the grantees of the towns of St. Andrews and Morris Town; and some of them also drew lots in the ill-fated town of St. George’s.

(Several of the old inhabitants of Passamaquoddy, as will be seen by the list of names, became members of the association; as did also James Simonds, one of the first residents at the mouth of the St. John.)  Late researches by Rev. W. O. Raymond, the results of which have been placed at our disposal, show clearly that Simonds and his partners had much more to do with the early trade of Passamaquoddy than is generally supposed.  We shall return to this point in next issue.

Three of the names in the list of grantees of the second tract are those of old inhabitants, among them being that of James Frost.  Their lots being nearly opposite Chamcook island, on which it is known that John Hanson built his house, suggests that the houses built by Frost and others under James Boyd’s claims (1770 or 1771) were probably on the Chamcook side of the peninsula, and not on the site of the present town of St. Andrews.

The Williams Gommons of this grant is William Gammon, whose name stands first in the grant of St. Andrews town plot.  He died within a year, leaving the Waweig lot to his son of the same name, who sold both this and his own lot at the Ledge to Robert Pagan.

Capt. Marks sold his lot, No. 6, at Bocabec, to Ephraim Young.

Dr. Stilckey sold his lot at Oak Bay to Archibald Thompson in 1785.

William Gallop, one of the four magistrates of the Passamaquoddy district court established by the government of Nova Scotia in 1784,1 was part owner of the mill erected at Gallop stream, at the head of Oak Bay, and also held property in other parts of Charlotte county.  He appeared and was sworn in as vestryman in St. Andrews in 1786.  He mortgaged his property at the head of Oak Bay to Captain Pote in 1789; and probably left the county, for Henry Barlow Brown succeeded him in the office of registrar of deeds in the same year.

Daniel Leeman, after living for a time at Oak Bay, removed to Deer Island, where some of his descendants now reside.

Wm. Swain, (probably the ‘Mr. William Sween’ of the old account book,2) seems to have been a man of some consideration.  His dwelling house, as already stated,3 was on the Maine side of the St. Croix, at Stillwater, near the spot now occupied by the Milltown station of the St. C. & P. R. R.  He engaged in lumbering; purchasing from several of the soldiers of the Seventy-fourth their claims to lots drawn at Schoodic, probably for the purpose of cutting the lumber off them.  In 1786, he mortgaged to P., J., & D. McMaster for 600 six of these lots in the Indian Lands, two of the Penobscot Association lots, and three town lots in St. Andrews; and ‘also one half of the Mill and Priviledge up Scudick River aforesaid, and on the Western Shore of the said River, commonly called and known by the name of “Union Mill”.’  This mill, tradition says, stood at Goose rock, at the head of the rapids above the Salmon Falls, and must have been the first mill built on the main river.  Whether Swain failed in business, as did most of the Penobscot men who invested their money in lumbering, is only a matter of conjecture; but it is certain that some of the lots he held reverted to their original owners.  He remained here until 1788 or later; his subsequent history is unknown.

William Stewart, of Coleraine, is said to have owned a large property in Gloucester.  Besides his lot on the east side of Oak Bay, he also (unless there were two men of the same name, which is not improbable,) drew the lower lot on the west side of the Digdeguash, disposing of his claim to Lieut. Hugh Stuart before the issue of the Archibald Williamson grant.  He finally settled at Pendleton’s passage and his house at that place was one of the first frame houses built on Deer Island.4

James Doty was presumably the Loyalist ancestor of the Doughtys of Deer Island.

Thomas Wyer is among those whose names have already been mentioned. Mr. Edward Jack writes concerning him:-‘He was my grandfather.  He had been at one time, I have understood, in the English navy; and was in the customs at Falmouth, (Portland,) Maine, at the time of the Revolution.  He is mentioned as a master mariner in the Act of Massachusetts which expatriated the Loyalists.  He never called the American Revolution by any other name than that of the American rebellion.  He, with other Loyalists, thinking that the Penobscot was to be made the boundary, settled there and built a house; but finding that this was not to be the case he came to St. Andrews as one of the Penobscot Associated Loyalists.  My mother has told me that Talleyrand was at Castine once and wished to buy the house her father had built there; and thus must have had an idea of settling permanently in America.  Thomas Wyer was the grantee of Chamcook mountain and of the Chamcook stream; associated, I think, with Captain Gallop and Colin Campbell, who were connected with him in the purchase of the mill site at the head of Oak Bay.  The late David Mowatt told me that during the last war between England and the United States, in view of the threatened or rumored approach of an American fleet to attack St. Andrews, a council of war was called to consider what to do.  One suggested surrender; to which Thomas Wyer replied, “No; we will die here.”’

1Article lxxxii.

2Article lxxxi.

3Article cii.

4Among his descendants is Mr. Joseph M. Stuart, of Lord’s Cove, to whom we are indebted for the above traditions.

5Article lxxxiv.


Article xciii.-Capt. Goldsmith should not have been mentioned as a grantee of St. Andrews.

Article lxxxix.-In the journals of the house of Assembly for 1824 is found the following: ‘Whereas William Kennedy of St. Stephen in the County of Charlotte served his country faithfully during the whole of the Revolutionary War and upwards of thirty-five years in the Charlotte County Militia; and whereas the said Wm. Kennedy is not able to earn his livelihood by reason of having lost the use of his right hand and being aged and infirm.  Be it therefore resolved that there be granted to him the said Wm. Kennedy the sum of 25 to assist him in the support of himself and family.’  This grant was renewed annually for several years.

Article ciii.-Capt. Alex. McRea was not an officer of the 74th.  In 1826 a grant was passed to ‘Flora McRea, widow of the late Captain Alexander McRea of His Majesty’s late Royal North Carolina Highlanders, who served in that Regiment during the whole war with the Mother Country and the present United States of North America, in which service he was severely wounded and from which wound he never recovered.’  Capt. Angus McDonald belonged to the same regiment.

Correction: Article CXII contains the following correction to this one: "James Simonds and James Frost, of the Penobscot Association, were not Simonds of St. John and Frost of St. Stephen. The second and third paragraphs should therefore be erased.

Erase the last sentence of the paragraph referring to William Swain, and add, 'He was afterwards, for some years, a merchant at St. Andrews. One half of his lot near the Ledge was mortgaged in 1789 to General Benedict Arnold, who was for a short time a resident of Charlotte County.'"