The 74th Regiment

Please see Background Information on Lists of Early Settlers for information on the list of men, women, and children of the 74th Regiment.

In the December, 1983 issue of Downeast Ancestry, a genealogical publication from Machias, Maine, Robert Carver (Bob) Brooks told the story of the Penobscot Loyalists, and also provided information on the 74th Regiment, a portion of which was stationed at Fort George during the war. Penobscot is the Castine, Maine, area, where Fort George was located. According to Bob's work:

In December 1777, the King authorized John Campbell of Barbreck to raise a Highland regiment within four months. He was to have colonelcy and the nomination of officers; therefore, 9 of the 11 most senior officers were surnamed Campbell. The recruits were to be 5'4" tall and aged 18 through 30. Of the 1082 men authorized, 987 men were raised (684 Highlanders, 282 Lowlanders, 12 English and 9 Irish). At the first muster (13 April 1778), 77 men were underage, 192 men were overage, 149 men were too short and 17 were in jail. Raised as the Argyll Highlanders, it was redesignated the 74th Regiment of Foot. In America, 2 companies were sent to New York and 8 to Penobscot. The Regiment was disbanded on 24 May 1784 in Scotland.

Some time ago I wrote to the National Archives (now the Library and Archives Canada) in Ottawa for information on the 74th Regiment. Their reference MG 24, F 89 contains information on the Campbell family of Barbreck and Auchindoun:

Rear Admiral Donald Campbell (1778-1856) inherited the estate of Barbreck from his father, Colin Campbell (fl. 1770-1805), and the estate of Auchindoun by entail from his great uncle, General John Campbell (fl. 1775-1795), sometime commander of the 74th Regiment. ... Colin Campbell spent some years as a merchant in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, where his son Colin Campbell jr. settled.

The elder Colin Campbell's wife was also a Campbell. Her name was Susannah. This elder Colin Campbell was associated with the 74th regiment. His son, Colin Jr., later held the office of Sheriff of Charlotte County. This family does not appear on the list of the regiment. However, they do appear on the list of Penobscot Loyalists entitled Return of Men, Women and Children of the Penobscot Loyalists settled in the District of Passamaquoddy the 10th of June 1784. Colin appears near the top of the list of men. His wife, Susannah, is listed immediately before a Grace Campbell (identity unknown) among the women. There are also four Campbell children listed together, and all under ten: Donald, Alex., John and Colin. These were children of Colin and Susannah. For more information on this family, see http://http://www.carensecord.ca/locations/NewBrunswick/Campbell/C&SCampbell.html.

Bob Brooks has given me a copy of the June, 1780 British army list for the 74th, containing the names of all officers from the rank of Ensign and above. Most of the officers were named Campbell. It appears that most of them didn't come to Charlotte County.

Esther Clarke Wright's list of Loyalists in her book The Loyalists of New Brunswick contains the following men identified as officers of the 74th Regiment:

Lieutenant Archibald Campbell
Lieutenant Colin Campbell Sr.
Lieutenant Donald Campbell
Sergeant John Campbell
Lieutenant Kenneth Campbell
Sergeant Peter McCallum
Lieutenant Donald McLean
Lieutenant Duncan Stewart

Alexander McNiven was also a sergeant.

All of the above names appear on the 74th Regiment list, except Donald and Kenneth Campbell, and Colin Campbell Sr.

The men of the regiment drew lots of land on the Digdeguash River in the parish of St. Patrick on July 12, 1784. LDS film 1430169 contains a list of those who participated in the draw. The list is headed Return of the Different Classes that Drew Lands at Digdeguash River 12th July 1784. There were three "Classes". The first two classes were labelled Part of the 74th. The first contained 78 men, and the second, 47 men. Of the 78 men in the first class, 74 appear on the May 24, 1784 list. The additional four names are John Dowling, Robert Stuart, William Row, and Peter McDougle. Of the 47 men in the second class, 44 appear on the May 24, 1784 list, though for some reason Niven McVicar is listed in both classes. The three extra names in the second class are John McPhail, Duncan McColl, and Duncan McCaul. As the last two names are so similar, and considering their places in the list (31st and last spots), it seems possible that there was only one man by that name. The men from the May 24, 1784 list who do not appear in the first two classes of the July 12, 1784 list are: one of the four John Campbells, James Dick, one of the two Peter McDonalds, Finlay McLean, Donald McLean, Duncan Stewart, Allan Stewart, and John Stewart. The missing Peter "McDonald" might well have been the Peter "McDougle" who appears in the first class but not on the May list. The third class which drew for land at Digdeguash was not labelled as part of the 74th, but some of the missing names appear there: Lieut. Col. Allan Stuart, Lieut. Duncan Stuart, Lieut. Donald McLean, and John Stuart. However, information provided below indicates that Lieut. Col. Allan Stuart belonged to another regiment. It's possible that the other three are the same men.

Here is the list of the third class. Unlike the lists of the first two classes, this one includes a column labelled "No. of Family."

Names of the Third Class that drew Lands at Digdeguash River 12th July 1784

  No. of Family
Lieut Col Allan Stuart 4
Captain Angus McDonald 4
Captain Alexander McRa 6
Lieut Hugh Stuart 16
Lieut Duncan Stuart 11
Lieut Donald McLean 4
Surgeon Thomas Emerson 1
Donald Ray 4
James Stuart 2
Mrs Gausling, a Widow 1
Mrs McLeod Do "
Archibald McDonald "
William Stuart "
Alexr McLeod "
Alexr Mcleod Junr "
James Gausling "
Duncan McIntire "
Roderick McLennan "
David Gausling "
Ba..[?] Stuart "
George Stuart "
William Row "
James Stuart "
David Stuart "
Samuel Ray "
Isaac McRa "
Toby McDonald "
Isaac Stuart "
John Stuart "
Allan Stuart "
Donald McDonald "
  Jno Jones D. Surveyor

Another list of early settlers in Charlotte County is the one called Return of Men Women and Children's names with Lieut. Colonel Stewart Settled in the District of Passamaquoddy, dated July 18, 1784. The people on this list may all have been connected to the North Carolina Highlander Regiment. That list includes men called Lieut. Col. Allan Stewart, Captain Angus McDonald, Alexander McRe, Donald Ray, Rory McLellan, Alexander McLeod, Thomas Emmerson, Duncan McIntyre, William Stewart, George Stewart, John Stewart, Isaac McRe, and Toby McDonald, among others. All of these names are potential matches for men on the "Third Class" list, above.

The name Gausling is sometimes seen with the spelling Goswelling or Gosling.

The land available at Digdeguash was not sufficient for the needs of the regiment. A series of land petitions describes the difficulties encountered by the non-commissioned officers and men of the 74th in getting the remaining land grants to which they were entitled. These documents were dated Jan. 27, 1785, Jan. 31, 1785, Feb. 10, 1785, and Mar. 14, 1785. The first was signed by Peter McCallum, Alexander McNiven, and John Campbell, and the other three were signed by Peter McCallum and Alexander McNiven. All three were sergeants in the regiment. After Digdeguash, they were promised the so-called Indian Lands in the parish of St. Stephen, and some of the men did receive grants there. However, as the Jan. 27 document makes clear, they were promised all of that land but were forced to share with other groups. Again, some men were not accommodated. Next they asked for land near Oak Point Bay, but the Cape Ann Association was given that land instead. Finally, they asked for land in Mascarene, in the parish of St. George, and a number of the men of the 74th settled there.

Sergeant John Campbell stated in an August, 1785 petition (PANB RS108 Land Petitions, Microfilm F1024) that he "drew a blank" in the draw for land at Digdeguash. He was again unlucky in the draw for the Indian Lands, as he drew a lot that was "incapable of cultivation". In the end, he was granted land in Mascarene.

The St. Croix Courier, a St. Stephen newspaper, carried a series of articles called "Glimpses of the Past" in the early 1890s. A number of articles contain information on the 74th Regiment:













Article CIII gives background information on some of the officers of the third class listed above. Lieutenant Hugh Stewart/Stuart belonged to the Royal Garrison Battalion. Though this article initially lists Captains Angus McDonald and Alexander McRae as officers of the 74th, a later article, CIX, contains a correction which states that both men were officers in the North Carolina Highlanders. Peter H. McCallum wrote about his great-grandfather, Captain Angus McDonald, in article XCV, in which Peter also says that Angus was a cousin of Flora McDonald, whose story is told in article XCVII. According to the list of Loyalists in Esther Clarke Wright's The Loyalists of New Brunswick, Allan Stewart/Stuart was a Lieutenant Colonel in the North Carolina Highlanders. Additional information at the end of article CIV tells us that "In 1798, Colin Campbell was administrator of the estate in Charlotte county of Allan Stewart, deceased, and Duncan Stewart, ‘formerly Lieutenant of the 74th, and now or late of His Majesty’s 79th Regiment of Foot, residing in Glasgow'". R. Wallace Hale's book Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 does contain a record for Allan Stewart in which Colin Campbell, "late of Saint Andrews, now of the City of Saint John", was granted the administration of his estate on July 24, 1795. This record makes no mention of Duncan Stewart though, and it's not clear from the wording in the above statement how he is connected to Allan Stewart. Lieutenants Duncan Stewart/Stuart and Donald McLean of the third class were likely the two men of those names who signed the 74th Regiment list.

Article CI lists the people who received grants of land at Digdeguash, by grant dated March 6, 1790. Most of the grantees appear to be men of the 74th, but some of the names are from the third class, and others appear to be entirely unrelated to the group. The article also has an older list, from an old plan, which may indicate the lots first drawn by the men. However, it's obvious from comparing the two that many of the men switched from one lot to another before the grants were made. Note, for instance, that Dugald Carmichael seems to have drawn and kept lot 20 in the Western Division. It appears that Donald Carmichael may have drawn a blank, but then acquired by some means, presumably purchase, the rights to lot 20 in the Eastern Division from Alexander Stewart. Likely that put the Carmichaels near each other. Similarly, it seems that Peter Fisher and Robert Cowey may have swapped lot 6 in the Western Division and lot 12 in the Eastern Division before the date of the grant. There are numerous other cases. Article CII contains some examples of lots that changed hands sometimes several times between the drawing for and the official grant of lots in the 'Indian Lands' in the parish of St. Stephen. "In May, 1785, one John Fairweather sold to Robert Sellars his claim to No. 7 B, which the latter sold to Robert Sim; and in July of the same year John Boyd sold the adjoining lot, No. 8, to James Piercy, who afterwards sold it to William Swain.  These are the lots granted to David and Samuel R. Marple." The transactions listed in article CII presumably appear in the land registry books for Charlotte County. These are available online on the LDS website. (See https://www.familysearch.org/en/.) Unfortunately, many land transactions were never registered. It's entirely possible for a member of the regiment to have drawn a lot of land, sold the rights to it before the grant, and then bought land already granted to someone else, in transactions that might not have been registered, leaving him a county resident and landowner with no record of the same.

My husband is a descendant of Sergeant John and Margaret Campbell through their son, John, who was the child by that name on the under-ten list. Sergeant John's grandson, William Campbell, gave his daughter in his old age some information on the history of his family, and she wrote it down. It contains a number of obvious inaccuracies but one statement about his grandfather's situation may be true: "officers were allowed to bring their wives" and children from Scotland with them. If this is the case, then it follows that many of the children over ten on this list belonged to officers, and also that many of the men who weren't officers were single when they came over from Scotland, and some married local women while they were stationed at Fort George.

Visit PANB's website at https://archives.gnb.ca/Search/OldSoldiers/?culture=en-CA to view pension documents of Revolutionary War soldiers and widows of the same. A number of the soldiers from the 74th have documents posted there.

John Black applied for a soldier's pension in 1838. He stated that he had served as a private in the 74th Regiment. Pension documents indicate that he died Feb. 3, 1846, and that for some time before that he had been living with his son, John Black of Pennfield, who then applied to receive his father's final pension payment. In 1847, John's widow, Jerusha Black, applied for a widow's pension. She stated that she had married John in Campobello in 1793. A later document indicates that she had moved to Lubec, Maine, to live with her daughter.

Neil or Neal Brown, according to https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Wardwell-182, married Sarah Wardwell, daughter of Daniel Wardwell, in 1785 in St. Andrews. According to the same source, Sarah's sister, Tryphena, married Finlay Malcolm, and another sister, Abigail, married Daniel Brown, who, like Finlay Malcolm, was a Loyalist. These two families appear on the Return of Men, Women and Children of the Penobscot Loyalists settled in the District of Passamaquoddy the 10th of June 1784. Article CIII lists two real estate transactions involving Neil Brown in the St. Stephen area: "The next lot, No. 1 C, Neil Brown sold to Finlay Malcolm; and his lot at the upper end of the tract, No. 7 A, he sold to Peter McDiarmid, who in 1797 sold it to Abner Hill." The Finlay Malcolm family later moved to what is now Ontario.

For information on the Robert Calder family, see Karen Small's work at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nbcampob/8RCalder.htm. Robert's wife applied for a pension as a widow of a Revolutionary War soldier in 1840. (See in particular https://archives.gnb.ca/DigitizedDocuments/OldSoldiers/RS148/N5b-Files/10-Calder_Anne/N5b-10-1840b.jpg.) In this document, she stated that she was 82 (born about 1758), that she had married Robert in 1777 in Glasgow, that he had been a private in the 74th Regiment, and that he had died at Campobello in 1839. Her name was given in this document as Anne Calder, and she signed with an "X." Other documents in the same file give her name as Anne, Nancy (a nickname for Anne), and Agnes at different times. It's likely that she was born Agnes Anne or Anne Agnes, and used both names. The 74th Regiment list contains a daughter of theirs in the over-ten group. There is evidence that she was under ten at that time; as Karen's work notes, she may have been listed as over ten in order to get more provisions. The LDS International Genealogical Index lists a marriage for Robert Calder and Agnes Graham, daughter of John Graham, on May 5, 1777 in Glasgow, Scotland. The source is given as Old Parochial Registers, 1612-1854, Church of Scotland.

There are two Alexander Camerons on the list. Article CIII mentions them in a discussion of the land grants at Digdeguash. "Alexander Cameron, whose name appears twice in the grant, is not mentioned in the older list.  [See CI.] There is a family tradition that he had a claim to the Duncan Campbell lot at Schoodic Falls, (No. 5 C,) or to some portion of it, either before or after the issue of the grant to Donald Grant and associates-a claim which some of his descendants still believe was never legally extinguished." Article CXXV tells the story of Hugh Cameron of the 74th, who does not appear on the May 20, 1784 or July 12, 1784 lists. This suggests that he arrived in the county after those dates.

A physical description of an Alexander Cameron of the 74th Regiment is given in CIII:

Alexander Cameron is described as a man of medium height, with sandy complexion and blue eyes; and, like most of his comrades of the 74th, he spoke the Gaelic. He had been a prisoner for six months at Trenton; and there is a story told of how he spiked the guns of the fort, with spikes made for him by an old Quaker blacksmith, stuffing his bonnet into the mouth of the gun to deaden the sound; and how the British won a victory because the guns were useless, and the prisoners were released. He was honorably discharged at Yorktown, and came to St. Andrews after the peace. Walking through the woods to the Digdeguash on a surveying expedition, he came out upon the river and lay down to rest under two large elm trees on the bank. The spot was so beautiful that he wished he might by some chance become the owner of it. He afterwards came into possession of the place and built his homestead there.

The Campbells are a challenging group to sort out. As noted above, Sergeant John Campbell's wife was Margaret, and their son John was on the under-ten list. Ronald Campbell, the child on the over-ten list, was most likely their older son. They all lived in the parish of St. George. The other Margaret Campbell, at the end of the list of women, might have been their daughter, just old enough to be listed with the women rather than with the children. Or she might have been the wife of one of the other Campbell men. Susannah Campbell, on the under-ten list, was probably the one by that name who married Peter Waltman in 1796, and who appears as a widow in the 1851 census for St. George parish. She might have been a daughter of Sergeant John and Margaret. There was a couple named John and Rachel Campbell, likely from the 74th, who lived in the parish of St. George near the mouth of the Magaguadavic River across from Mascarene in the early 1800s, according to land records. Archibald Campbell died in 1785, apparently unmarried and intestate, and the administration of his estate was given to the three sergeants: Alexander McNiven, John Campbell, and Peter McCallum. These circumstances suggest that he may not have been the Lieutenant listed above, but rather a private with the same name. Hugh Campbell's widow, Janet, petitioned for a pension in 1847. She said that she had married Hugh, a private from the 74th Regiment, in May, 1788 in St. Stephen, and that he died there in 1842. There were numerous other early Campbells in the county besides the people by that name on this list.

A query on the Rootsweb website at the Charlotte County board http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec/message/an/localities.northam.canada.newbrunswick.charlotte/710 [link no longer works], by Barbara Ann Carmichael Banks, contains information on the Carmichael and Craig families of the 74th. According to this, David Craig married Mary Steele of Machias, Maine. She is listed here as Molly Craig. (Molly is a nickname for Mary.) Dugald Carmichael married Janet Craig, daughter of David and Molly. Janet petitioned for a pension in 1841, saying that she had married Dugald, a private in the 74th Regiment, in St. Andrews in 1794. According to Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 by R. Wallace Hale, the will of Dugald Carmichael was dated Oct. 16, 1819 and proved Dec. 15, 1819. The will mentioned his wife "Jean" as well as his eldest son, David, plus other children listed only as "the rest of my children". Janet died on Mar. 1, 1865, after which her son-in-law, Thomas Armstrong, with whom she had been living before her death, applied for the pension she would have received soon after, had she lived. Esther Carmichael, widow of Donald, applied for a pension in 1841. She married Donald in 1784 in St. Patrick. He had also been a private in the 74th Regiment, and had died in 1834.

Rachel Carrick, widow of Charles, petitioned for a pension in 1840. She married Charles in 1784 in St. Andrews, and he died there in 1821. In 1852, Elizabeth Carrick, daughter of Rachel, was paid "the balance due her late mother at the time of her death".

Dugald Clarke's 1838 pension petition pre-dated the standard-format petition, and as a result, contains more information. He stated that he was born in the parish of "Kilchrenan in Argyleshire, North Briton". Glimpses of the Past article LXXXI tells us that the formal discharge of Dugald, dated Dec. 24, 1783 at Fort George, was then (Sept., 1893) in the possession of his grandson, William Rollins, of St. Andrews. He last appeared in the pension documents in 1844, so it is likely that he died soon after.

Robert Cowie/Coue/Cowey/Courie married Elizabeth Sinclair on May 22, 1792, according to the records of All Saints Anglican Church in St. Andrews. See below, under Alexander McTavish, for more information on Elizabeth. Some of Robert's land transactions are described in Articles CI and CIII. R. Wallace Hale's book Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 contains a record for Robert. It states that he was a yeoman of the parish of St. Patrick and that he died intestate, with administration of the estate being granted to Elisha Shelton Andrews and Daniel McMaster on April 23, 1805.

For more information on the Craig family, as mentioned above, please visit Clifford Craig Johnston's site at https://www.genealogy.com/ftm/j/o/h/Clifford-Craig-Johnston/index.html.

John Dick petitioned for a pension in 1838 but as there are no pension documents after that year, it appears that he may have died about that time.

James Grierson or Grearson was from Caithness, according to E. C. Wright's article on him, as mentioned above. She says that he was born in 1741, and that he married "Margaret, daughter of Samuel Kelly, who had been born at Machias, Maine". The Kelly family appears on the Penobscot Loyalists list: Return of Men, Women and Children of the Penobscot Loyalists settled in the District of Passamaquoddy the 10th of June 1784. In 1838, James petitioned for a pension, stating that he was 88 years old. That would suggest a year of birth of 1750. However, the ages given in subsequent documents vary. He died on Dec. 3, 1846, after which his wife Margaret applied for a widow's pension.

Hugh Henderson was granted land at Mascarene, in the parish of St. George. The July 12, 1834 issue of the New Brunswick Courier reported that on June 26 of that year, Hugh died at the home of Colin Campbell near St. Andrews. Hugh was then 104 years old, and was said to be a native of "Argylshire, Scotland".

Clifford Craig Johnston's website at https://www.genealogy.com/ftm/j/o/h/Clifford-Craig-Johnston/index.html contains information on John Johnston of this regiment.

There are three McCallum men on the 74th list: John Senior, John Junior, and Peter. There is one McCallum woman, Catharine. There are three children above ten with that surname: Sally, Jannet, and Duncan. There is one McCallum child under ten, Arthur. The Charlotte County land registry books contain a document dated Sept. 24, 1785 in which John McCallum, described as a soldier in the 74th Regiment of Foot, sold his rights to a lot of land to Colin Campbell. This document names John's wife as Catharine Ferguson. (See Public Archives of New Brunswick, Registry Office Records (RS86), Charlotte County, Book B, p. 311.) This is solid evidence that one of the John McCallums of the list (likely the one described as senior) was married to the Catharine McCallum of the list. The LDS IGI contains a marriage for a John McCallum to a Kathrine Ferguson on June 29, 1760 in Glasgow, Scotland, and as this appears to be drawn from old parochial records, it likely accurate. This may well be the same couple. If so, then the John McCallum described as Junior could be their adult son, and probably the four children belong to them too. It does not seem likely that Peter McCallum was also a son of John and Catharine. The New Brunswick Courier reported in its May 24, 1845 issue that Peter McCallum of Digdeguash had died on May 19 at the age of 86. The notice stated that he was an early settler and left a large family. That suggests a year of birth of about 1759. (See http://www.carensecord.ca/locations/NewBrunswick/McDonald/McDonald.html for more information on the family of Peter McCallum.)

Mary McDorquodale or McCorquodale is listed among the women on the list of the 74th Regiment, but there are no men by that name on the list. Bob Brooks' work in Downeast Ancestry, as above, in the December, 1983 issue, includes a list of men who deserted from the 74th Regiment between July 1, 1779 and October 24, 1782. (This comes from the 74th Regiment Musterbook, held by the Library and Archives Canada.) There is a Private Lachlin McKorkindale who deserted on Dec. 7, 1780. This could be Mary's husband. The LDS International Genealogical Index has a christening of a Lachlan McCorquodale on July 26, 1759, son of Donald and Mary (Black) McCorquodale, in Kilninver And Kilmelford, Argyll, Scotland. All Saints Anglican Church records list a marriage of Margaret Corkedell to Alexander Young on July 29, 1793. As Peggy is a nickname for Margaret, this could be the Peggy McCorquodale listed as a child above ten.

At http://www.rootsweb.com/~nbststep/stst8f.htm [link no longer works], Curt Fredrickson tells the story of the family of John and Mary (McGregor) McDougal of the 74th. According to Curt's information, it appears that the two "McDougald" children on the 74th Regiment list belonged to this couple.

There are a number of McFarlanes on the list. The name "Charryty McFarlin" appears on a list of Digdeguash grantees in Article CI. According to Article XVC, Walter McFarlane and Duncan McFarlane both went to Digdeguash, in the parish of St. Patrick. Hugh McFarlane was granted land in Mascarene, in the parish of St. George. Walter McFarlane's widow, Patience, petitioned for a pension in 1841, stating that she was then 80 years of age. She was living in the parish of St. Patrick, and she said that she had married Walter in 1795 in St. George parish, and that he had died in the parish of St. Patrick in 1833. Patience last appeared in the pension documents in 1843, and likely died soon after. There are also pension documents for Duncan McFarlane and his wife Ruth. In December, 1837, Duncan stated that he was a sergeant in the 74th Regiment, and that he was at that time 84 years old. Ruth petitioned for a widow's pension in 1844, saying that Duncan had died on July 4, 1842. She was 75 years old at that point. In 1853, Duncan McFarlane of the parish of St. Patrick, son of Duncan and Ruth, stated that Ruth had lived with him before her death on Oct. 20, 1851, and petitioned to receive the balance of pension money due to her. The obituary of Edward Seelye of St. George, who died on June 30, 1878, contains the following information on Duncan McFarlane's family: "In 1825 he [Edward] married the daughter of the late Duncan McFarlin, who served in the Revolutionary war under the British. She is a sister of Samuel McFarlin, Rolling Dam, and survives her late husband at the advanced age of 80 years and some months." According to the 1851 census for St. George, her name was Jane.

R. Wallace Hale's book Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 contains some McFarlane probate records. Hugh McFarlane of the parish of St. George wrote his will on Mar. 17, 1815. It was proved on Oct. 20, 1815. It names his wife, Jane, (possibly the "Jean McFarlane" on the list of women of the 74th Regiment?), as well as his children James, Nelly, Samuel and Beth. An Elinor MacFarlane of St. George married James Stuart, also of St. George, on Oct. 29, 1816. This was likely Hugh's daughter Nelly. There is also a record for a John McFarlane of the parish of St. Patrick (possibly the boy named John on the list of children of the 74th Regiment?). He wrote his will on Aug. 12, 1805, and it was proved on Jul. 4, 1807. It names his wife, Elizabeth; his eldest brother "presently in Scotland", Peter; Malcolm McFarlane, "son of Duncan"; and also his brother Duncan. He stated that if he recovered and had a son of his own, the son would inherit all but his mother's third. Hugh McFarlane of Mascarene was one of the executors, and Walter McFarlane was a witness. All Saints Anglican Church records list a marriage of John "McPharlen" and Elizabeth "McPharlin" on Apr. 25, 1804. Perhaps this Elizabeth who married John was the daughter of Hugh called Beth in his will, and perhaps she was also the child named Elizabeth on the under-ten list of the 74th Regiment.

Thomas McIntosh is probably the man of the same name who was listed in a document from the Charlotte County Council Records of April, 1791: "Also Sixthly – Thomas McIntosh, now or late of the said County, Shoemaker, at St Andrews in the said County has lived and still lives in the habits of Lewdness and Adultery with one Mary Bowling, since her being kept by him has been delivered one Bastard Child." See the background information on that document for more on Thomas McIntosh. All Saints Anglican records list a marriage for a Thomas McIntosh to Ann More. The date is Oct. 14 but the year isn't clear. It was before 1799, and was most likely 1797.

Alexander McNiven died, apparently unmarried and intestate, in the late 1780s. His siblings back in Scotland gave the administration of his estate to the two other sergeants whose names appear with Alexander's a number of times in the early Charlotte County records: John Campbell and Peter McCallum. This document, signed at Oban, Scotland on Jan. 30, 1790, was copied into the land registry book for Charlotte County, in Book B, page 89. Alexander's siblings lived in Strontoiller in the parish of Kilmore in the County of Argyll, and in "         warll" (with missing letters, as the registry book has it) in the parish of Muckairn in the same county. One sister was married to a Duncan McCallum, and the document was witnessed by James Campbell and Colin Campbell. It may be that all three sergeants were from the same area of Argyll.

Brent Rock is a descendant of a McPhail who belonged to the regiment. The 74th Regiment list contains only a Hugh McVial but he was probably McPhail as it is spelled that way on the July 12, 1784 list. There was also a John McPhail associated with the regiment, and though he is not on the 74th Regiment list, he does appear on the July 12 list. Brent has had a researcher look for them in Scotland. The conclusion was that they probably came from the area of Kilmartin and Kilniver in Argyll County. An article in the "Collections of the New Brunswick Historical Society", No. 9, 1914, by Professor W. H. Siebert, contains information about this John McPhail and his wife Margaret. It's taken from a document found in early records of the New Brunswick Court of Chancery, called "The Answer of Margaret McPhail wife of John McPhail, Defendant, to the Bill of Complaint of Zebedee Hammond of Charlotte County, yeoman, Complainant". This document is dated May 6, 1786, and signed by "Margery McPhail", and it tells us that when the 74th left Penobscot in early 1784, John McPhail sailed to Great Britain on private business with the troops who had chosen to go home. That likely explains why he doesn't appear on the earlier list. The dispute involved a building in Penobscot that was to be taken down and transported to Passamaquoddy by Zebedee Hammond. John McPhail's wife must have been the Margaret "McVail" on this list, which suggests that Hugh "McVail" was married to the other McPhail woman, Abigail. All Saints Anglican Church records list the marriage of "Marjory" Martin and John McPhail on July 23, 1789. This appears to be the same couple, though she was "wife of" John in the 1786 document. R. Wallace Hale's book Early New Brunswick Probate Records 1785-1835 contains a record for Andrew Martin of the parish of St. Andrews, innholder. He died intestate, and the administration of his estate was granted to his widow Charity Martin on August 11, 1795. Two bondsmen were appointed, "with the approval of William Martin, Margery McPhail and John MacPhail". Another document lists John McPhail as one of the heirs, representing the other heirs. This makes it reasonably certain that Margery or Margaret McPhail was the daughter of Andrew Martin. Andrew Martin is mentioned in the document from the Charlotte County Council Records of April, 1791: "Fifthly, That Andrew Martin now or late of the said County Innholder at Saint Andrews in the said County has lived and still lives in habits of Lewdness and Fornication with one Charity Tibbits, who since her being kept by him has been delivered of one Bastard Child." See the background information on that document for more on Andrew Martin. All Saints Anglican Church records also contain the marriage of Peggy McPhail to Joseph Ackerman (?) on Aug. 15, 17(91?), likely the child by that name on the list of the 74th Regiment.

An Alexander McTavish, probably the man of the same name on the 74th list, is mentioned in the same document from the Charlotte County Council Records of April, 1791: "Fourthly: That Alexander McTavish now or late of said County, yeoman, at St. Patrick’s in the said County has lived and still lives in habits of Lewdness & Fornication with one Elizabeth Sinclair, who since her being kept by him has been delivered of one Bastard child." As noted above, this Elizabeth Sinclair may have married Robert Cowie in 1792. According to Article CVIII, "Alexander McTavish settled in New York state".

Marilyn Bonvie has told me that Niven McVicar came from Inveraray & Glenaray parish in Argyll. He was a son of Neill and Janet (McVicar) McVicar. The Charlotte County branch of the NBGS has a collection of cemetery records that includes one called "The Private Burial Plots Scattered around St. George N. B. as Compiled by the Late Llewellyn Spinney and his Daughter and the Late Helen Leland and her Daughter Nellie Leland". According to this work, Nevin (Niven) McVicar married Lydia Cousins from Penobscot, Maine. The 74th Regiment list contains two McVicar men: Niven and Duncan, and one McVicar woman: Holiday. It seems possible that Holiday and Lydia are one and the same as the names are similar. Lydia petitioned for a pension as Niven's widow in 1840. She said that she had married Niven in 1783 at Penobscot, that he was a sergeant in the 74th Regiment, and that he died at St. George in 1824. In 1841, she asked to have her pension money paid out to her son, John McVicar. Lydia's name last appeared in the pension records in 1843.